Physical rehabilitation of patients with lumbar spine dorsopathy at the hospital stage of treatment
The aim of the work is an ascertainment of efficiency of the use of an offered way of the complex treatment of the lumbar spine dorsopathies at the hospital stage of treatment as the more effective one comparing to the standard method of the therapeutic physical training for patients with the lumbar spine dorsopathies. The object of research is the lumbar spine dorsopathies. The subject of research is the dynamics of the painful and musculo-tonic syndromes, mobility, degrees of the functional blocking of spine.Methods of research: questioning and interrogation, functional assays of the spine mobility, manual examination. 30 persons with lumbar spine dorsopathies with neurological manifestations took part in the research. 15 patients who underwent extended method of therapeutic physical training (TPT) including the way of the complex treatment of the lumbar spine dopsopathies formed the main group. 15 persons who underwent the TPT by the standard method formed the control group. Results, received in testing the dynamics of indicators of the spine mobility blocking, painful, musculo-tonic syndrome at the end of physical rehabilitation reliably demonstrate the more significant increase of results in the main group comparing to the control one. It happened first of all due to the use of traction exercises, positions and traction massage that form the complex treatment of the lumbar spine offered way of the complex treatment of the lumbar spine dorsopathies had the more effective impact on an increase of the spine mobility, decrease of the painful syndrome comparing to the standard complex of physical rehabilitation. It gives the reasons to recommend this way for introduction into practice as the mean of special TPT at the hospital stage of treatmentИсточник
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With Backbone, you represent your data as Models, which can be created, validated, destroyed, and saved to the server. Whenever a UI action causes an attribute of a model to change, the model triggers a "change" event; all the Views that display the model's state can be notified of the change, so that they are able to respond accordingly, re-rendering themselves with the new information. In a finished Backbone app, you don't have to write the glue code that looks into the DOM to find an element with a specific id, and update the HTML manually — when the model changes, the views simply update themselves.
The spinal column runs down the middle of your back and contains the spinal cord, which is like a superhighway of nerves that connect your brain to every tissue in your body. Needless to say, the health of your spine is of paramount importance. From the lateral or side view, your spine contains three main curves, which are needed for flexibility and stability.
However, viewing your spine from the back, it should be straight and not deviate from side-to-side very much at all. Some people are born with abnormally curved spines, but ill health, poor posture and inadequate nutrition are more responsible for spinal pathology.
Many people have sedentary jobs where they sit for most of the day, so the height, comfort and support of chairs are crucial. Make sure your office chair is adjustable (so you can customize it to your dimensions) and try to get one with lumbar support for your low back. At home, use cushions to support your back and prop your legs up while watching television.
Wear quality shoes. Your feet are crucial for good posture because they are the foundation for your entire body. As such, wear sturdy shoes with good arch support, a slightly raised heel (1/2 вЂ“ 3/4 of an inch) and plenty of room for your toes. In contrast, avoid regularly wearing high-heeled shoes because they affect the bodyвЂ™s center of gravity and induce compensatory alignment of the entire body вЂ” they can cause too much extension (called hyperlordosis) in the lumbar spine.
If you are really heavy, have flat feet or a short leg, then consider getting orthotics (custom-made shoe inserts) of heel lifts. Orthotics promote a healthy spine by supporting the arches and allowing better biomechanics when running or walking.
Sleep on a firm mattress. You liИсточник
Boyling J. (Ed.) Grieve's Modern Manual Therapy: The Vertebral Column
This multidisciplinary text, authored and edited by internationally renowned professionals, brings together the latest research in the field of manual therapy. Extensively illustrated and fully referenced, it provides an evidence-based examination of the work of leading researchers and presents their findings in a format that is easily accessible and directly relevant to clinical practice.
Churchill Livingstone, Elsevier Science, 2007. — 552 р. Язык: English. Functional Neurology is a new and emerging discipline that utilizes our understanding of how the nervous system works in the treatment of a variety of clinical conditions. Functional Neurology for the Practitioners of Manual Therapy takes the reader from the embryological beginnings of the nervous system,...
Appleton & Lange, 2001. — 600 р. — ISBN: 0071375821. Этот всеобъемлющий, хорошо иллюстрированное руководство предлагает Вам всю информацию, необходимую для обеспечения высокого уровня медицинской помощи пациентам с любой мышечной дисфункции всего позвоночника и височно-нижнечелюстного сустава (ВНЧС). Эта книга описывает анатомии и биомеханики каждой области позвоночника, таза,...
Fifth edition. — OPTP, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA: Cambridge University Press, 2010. — 336 p. — ISBN 8270540692 Freddy M. Kaltenbom in collaboration with Olaf Evjenth, Traudi Baldauf Kaltenbom, Dennis Morgan and Eileen Vollowitz. Published and distributed by Norli, Oslo, Norway. Now in its fifth edition, this classic Kaltenborn text focuses on basic evaluation and manual...
Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA: Orthopedic Physical Therapy Products, 2002. — 315 р. — ISBN 8270540439. Freddy M. Kaltenbom in collaboration with Olaf Evjenth, Traudi Baldauf Kaltenbom, Dennis Morgan, and Eileen Vollowitz. This claИсточник
Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine
Combining orthopedic surgery with biomechanical engineering, this reference and teaching text reviews and analyzes the clinical and scientific data on the mechanics of the human spine. This edition adds new material on vibration (i.e. road driving) and its effect on the spine; anatomy and kinematics
Workers experiencing symptoms of LBP reported that pain was exacerbated with increased A-P shear ( McGill, 2015). The facet joints of the lumbar spine play a large role in resisting shear loading ( Jaumard et al., 2011;White and Panjabi, 1978) and have frequently been associated with LBP ( Yang and King, 1984). Excessive anterior shear loading on the spine as seen in Fig. 4 would lead to increased facet joint loading and possibly injury to surrounding structures causing LBP.
Адекватная функция КПС также обеспечивает целостность тазового кольца и осевую стабильность тела. Осевая стабильность тела обеспечивается за счет жесткости как пассивных (кости и связки), так и динамических (координированное мышечное сокращение) структур (Panjabi M. et al.). Осевая стабилизация важна не только для защиты поясничного отдела позвоночника, но и для передачи широкого спектра сил, которые воздействуют на позвоночник и осевые мышцы при движении конечностей (Grakovetsky S. et al.).
This complex motion behavior should be analyzed separately by means of monosegmental testing of the thoracic spine including the ribs. Because of the alternating motion pattern, monosegmental coupled motions were not quantified in the present study, but it is known that coupled motions of thoracic spinal segments decrease in the inferior direction [23,27].  T1-T2 3.4 4.7 4.0 2.8 5.6 3.9 2.8 4.8 10.0 6.0 4.0 2.9 6.2 18.09.1 2.4 T2-T3 1.3 2.4 4.0 2.6 5.6 2.6 2.4 3.5 12.0 4.8 4.0 1.7 6.4 16.0 4.0 9.1 3.2 T3-T4 1.3Источник
Exercising apparatus, in particular, for spine and method for prophylaxis and therapy of spine deformations and degenerative diseases
Y — GENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
SUBSTANCE: exercising apparatus has strip adapted for mounting in inclined position on upper and lower supports and device for retaining of user in lying position on extending part of inclined strip. Said device is positioned on strip and adapted for aligning projection of user's spine mid portion with mid portion of strip extending part. Strip may be deflected in mid portion of strip extending part within 0.5-5% the length of extending part, when user is on said site and in said position. Method involves providing extension of spine on said apparatus and exercising main spine supporting muscles; simultaneously with extension procedure, providing exercising of spine short muscles.
DescriptionTranslated from Russian
Изобретение относится к гимнастическим тренировочным устройствам. The invention relates to a gymnastic training devices. пригодным для осуществления физических упражнений на открытом воздухе и в помещениях, в том числе самого малого объема, а также к способам профилактики и лечения деформаций (в переднезаднем и боковом направлениях) и дегенеративных заболеваний позвоночника, в которых используются подобные устройства. suitable for physical exercise outdoors and indoors, including very small volume, as well as to methods for preventing and treating deformations (in the anteroposterior and lateral directions), and degenerative diseases of the spine in which such devices are used.
Purpose: to identify the level of school anxiety of girls with signs of normal, round-shouldered, lardotic, kyphotic and straightened by the types of carriages during a school year. Material: the study involved 137 girls 12-13 years old. Was held diagnostics level of school anxiety Phillips. Results: It was found that girls with normal posture there is a general anxiety in school, fear of the situation knowledge test. With stooping - frustration needs to succeed, fear of self-expression. With lardotic - frustration needs to succeed, fear of self-expression. With kyphotic - general anxiety at school, frustration needs to succeed, fear not meet the expectations of others. With straight - manifestation of the general emotional state, negative attitudes and experience of anxiety in the situation knowledge test. Conclusions: factors of school anxiety have different effects on girls. It was established that during adolescence the need to integrate and correction of psychological state and the musculoskeletal system. This is due to the formation of morphological features, formation of character traits.
Ovsepian V.L. Osobennosti anatomo-funkcional'nogo sostoianiia pozvonochnika pri narusheniiakh osanki vo frontal'noj ploskosti i nachal'nykh formakh skolioza [Features anatomical and functional condition of the spine in disorders of posture in the frontal plane and the primary forms of scoliosis], Cand. Diss., Leningrad, 1988, 20 p.
Potapchuk A.L. Korrekciia narushenij osanki i ploskostopiia u doshkol'nikov sredstvami fizicheskogo vospitaniia [Correction of posture disorders and flatfoot preschoolers means of physical education], Cand. Diss., Sankt Petersburg, 1998, 20 p.
Brewer P., Berryman F., Baker D., Pynsent P., Gardner AИсточник